The following resources are a mix of exciting anecdotal evidence and thorough empirical research that demonstrates the benefits that learning chess has on the scholastic and cognitive development of young children.
- The Chess Club and Scholastic Center of St. Louis is an educational organization committed to gathering and sharing knowledge about the impact of playing chess on student outcomes. To read dozens of research reviews summarizing domestic and international empirical and anecdotal evidence for the benefits of chess, click here.
- The Chess Club and Scholastic Center of St. Louis also commissioned a rigorous and comprehensive literature review on the overall impact of scholastic chess programs. After-school chess programs had a positive and statistically significant impact on mathematics outcomes. Read the 2014 review here.
- Idaho was the first state to offer a statewide chess curriculum in schools. Read more about how teachers used the First Move chess curriculum to enhance learning skills for second and third grade students in Idaho.
- Interested in why chess can influence leadership abilities in youth? A 2014 paper by Samuel J. Hunt and Joseph Cangemi, “Want to Improve Your Leadership Skills? Play Chess!” (ADD Local LINK to paper) highlights and demonstrates how chess influences the ability and performance of exceptional leaders in any field, and how the game of chess can enhance the cognitive capacity of those in leadership, beginning at a young age.
- Grandmaster Susan Polgar is a four-time Women’s World Champion. Her foundation promotes chess for young people, especially girls! Read more about the benefits of chess on her foundation page.
- The Oklahoma Scholastic Chess Organization has compiled a great list of some of the benefits of chess including intellectual maturity, analyzing actions and consequences, dealing with undesirable situations, developing team spirit, and belonging to a good and diverse crowd. To see the complete list and additional resources, click here.
- Educational Technologies is a Connecticut-based organization that specializes in chess education for elementary students. Read Jim Celone’s 2001 review of chess, “Why Chess?” to get a brief history of chess and education, including a look at historical figures who played chess, the virtues of chess as a problem-solving tool, and studies about how chess instruction improves various cognitive abilities and scholastic skills in children.
- The Benefits of Chess in Education: A collection of studies and papers on chess and education” This PDF collection, compiled by Patrick S. McDonald, includes 20 different
- An article from the peer-reviewed publication Education about the developmental benefits of chess.